Not all intersections are alike. Learn the types of intersections and how to drive accordingly.

Railway Crossings

The most common improper driver action around railway crossings is disobeying traffic signs and signals.

What can you do to drive safer?

  • Be prepared to stop at a highway/railway crossing
  • Look both ways before crossing a railway
  • Always obey the signals
  • Never attempt to drive under a gate as it is closing, or around a closed gate. If the gate begins to close while you're underneath, keep moving ahead until you clear the crossing.
  • If your view is obstructed for 300 metres in either direction, don't attempt to cross the track until you're certain that no train is approaching.
  • Be especially careful driving during bad weather
  • At a multiple-track crossing wait for a train to pass, watch out for a second train on the other tracks, approaching in either direction
Roundabout/Traffic Circles

Roundabouts have reduced fatalities by 90%, injuries by 80%, and the total number of crashes by 40%.

What can you do to drive safer?

  • Traffic circulates in a counter clockwise direction around a centre island
  • As with any other intersection, choose the correct lane before entering the roundabout
  • Slow down as you approach the roundabout, and be aware of crossing pedestrians
  • Vehicles entering the roundabout must yield to traffic already in the roundabout
  • Note the appropriate exit
  • Maintain a safe speed, between 30 and 40 km/h, through the roundabout
  • Never change lanes within the roundabout
  • Signal for right turn as you approach the desired exit, while maintaining a safe speed
Stop Signs and Flashing Lights

Sidewalks and red flashing lights at intersections and from emergency vehicles act like stop signs.

What can you do to drive safer?

  • Before entering a street from a road, alley, driveway or parking lot, you must stop
  • If you see red flashing lights, yield to pedestrians and traffic at the intersection
  • Treat red flashing lights as a 4-way stop and yield to the right
  • If an emergency vehicle has red flashing lights at an intersection, stop and give them the right of way
  • Always yield to pedestrians unless a sign says otherwise
Urban vs. Rural Intersections

Some people think driving in the city is more risky, but 60.4% of intersection-related collisions from 2011 to 2015 happened on rural roads.

What can you do to drive safer?

  • Always obey traffic signals, even if no other cars or motorcycles are around
  • Some uncontrolled intersections cross highways. Make sure to stop, look left and right for traffic, and be patient for an opportunity to cross or turn onto the highway.
Controlled vs. Uncontrolled Intersections

Intersections may be controlled by signs, signal lights, or both. Uncontrolled intersections don't have signs or signals.

What can you do to drive safer?

  • When approaching an uncontrolled intersection, check left and right for traffic, slow down and be prepared to stop
  • Yield the right of way to the vehicle on the right
  • Be alert and stay visible. Other drivers may not be expecting any traffic at the intersection and that could cause a collision.
  • At uncontrolled and 3-way stop intersections, drivers must always yield to the vehicle on the right
  • Directions given by a police officer overrule traffic signs or signals

More information:

Fines for disobeying intersection safety